I n t r o d u c
t i o n ::
Throughout their long and turbulent history, the Palestinian people have
relied on the human resources, particularly the human mind and skills, to
sustain their survival and development as a nation. In that context,
education has been always considered by Palestinians as the one
prerequisite, not only for nation building but also for achieving a genuine
and sustainable peace.
Since its establishment in 1994, the Ministry of Education & Higher
Education (MOEHE) has commit it self to reform the inherited education
system with the aim to assist the preparation of the Palestinian citizens
towards life in a democratic society, and towards the contribution of the
economy of the society. The Ministry has been working very hard to build an
education system responsive to social, cultural and developmental needs of
Palestinian people to be an active participant within the global economy.
In pursuing that vision, the Ministry faced many challenges; among which
is the unification of the two systems of education in Gaza and West Bank,
the expansion of school buildings to meet the enormous demand on education,
the equipping of schools with needed labs and equipment, the training of
teachers, and the development of special programs to meet the different
needs of the population.
The Ministry has always believed that a quality education system is one that
focuses on equipping students with knowledge and skills for lifelong
learning as a vehicle for achieving sustainable development. The Ministry
embarked on developing the Palestinian Curricula as part of the educational
reform process. The Ministry, aware that a knowledge based economy depends
on the use of ideas and applications of technology, has introduced
technology education and IT in the new curricula from grades 5-12 and
introduced English language from Grade 1.
In order to respond to itís commitment of preparing students with knowledge
and skills to meet the challenge of rapid technological production, the
Ministry took several steps toward embedding ICT within the education
system. Almost 50% of MOEHE schools were equipped with computer labs, the
Schools Net project is implemented in 16 schools, the schools on line is
another project implemented in 10 schools, and the Ministryís new initiative
aiming at developing a new web site Zajel to enable students and teachers to
interact with each others, exchange experience in lesson planning and make
use of available information.
In doing so, the Ministry is fulfilling its part to the national ICT
strategy, and the national vision towards the establishment of viable
Palestinian state which will be capable, within its limited resources, to
positively contribute to the well being and stability of the region and
world at large.
challenges that are facing Palestinians will be on transforming Palestinian
society from being consumer and dependent oriented to knowledge productive
and independent, injecting new social values that will assist society in
entering the twenty-first century as a modern Arab-Palestinian society, and
on refocusing its education orientation in the future to accommodate the
global knowledge economy in the most competitive approach.